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U1-6初高中衔接形容词副词比较级和最高级

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Unit 1-Reading

ANNE'S BEST FRIEND
形容词副词比较级最高级

Wendy

形容词用于描绘人或事物的特征的词。 形容词的用法 修饰名词,表示名词的属性。在句子中充当表语、 定语和宾补。

1)用作定语,修饰名词或代词: He lives a happy life. I have a good friend. 2)用作表语,放在动词be后,也可以放在其他一 些特殊的系动词后面: The story is interesting. She looks young. 3)做宾语补足语,对句子的宾语进行补充说明

We should keep our classroom clean.

He studies English hard. 做状语修饰v. 状语修饰adj. His handwriting is very good. He writes very carefully. 做状语修饰adv. Sometimes he walks to school. 状语修饰整句. Class is over. 做表语 The weather here is very hot. 作定语 I found the boy over there. 做宾补

副词的用法 表示行为和状态的特征,作状语,在句子中修饰 动词、形容词或其他副词,甚至是整个句子,还 能作表语、定语和宾补。

形容词、副词 原级、比较级和最高级

1.原级比较 as + adj./adv.原级+as 和……一样 否:not so/ as +adj./adv.原级+as不及…… 我和你一样大。 I am _____________ you. as old as 他跑得不及我快。 He ______ run _____________ I. doesn’t as/so fast as

当as… as中间有名词时,采用以下格式 as+adj.+ a/an+可数名词单数 +as as much+U+as, as many+C(复数)+as和……一样多的某物 He is as good an example as his brother. many Bob read as ____ books as Mary. much There is as ______ water in this bottle as in that bottle.

表示倍数时
? ? ? ? A is ...times as +( big/high ,long)adj. + as B A is ...times the (height,length)n. of B A is ...times bigger(higher,longer)than B 亚洲是欧洲的四倍大

adj. adv. 比较级、最高级的构成
原级 比较级 happy happier easily more easily harder hard large larger thinner thin little less more many/muc h worse 最高级 happiest most easily hardest largest thinnest least most

worst

比较级的结构
1.A+谓语+ adj./adv.的比较级+than B A在某方面超过B 我比汤姆要高。 I am ___________ Tom (is). taller than 你看起来比以前年轻。 You look ____________ before. younger than

2.比较级前可用much, far, a lot, a little, even等表示程度,不能使用very,quite.
She sings far / much better than the _________ others. 她比别人要唱得好得多。 a little Now I read ______ faster than before. 我现在读得比以前要快一点。

3. the + 比较级 + of the two两者中较…的 一个

He is the older (old) of the two boys. _______
4. the +比较级,the+比较级 越…就越… 你越粗心,犯的错误就越多。

The more careless you are, the more __________ ____ mistakes you will make.

4. 比较级+and+比较级 越来越…… 当形容词或副词为多音节时,必须用 more and more + 原级

The population is growing faster and faster ___________________.越来越快
The city has become (越来越漂亮) _______________________. more and more beautiful

5.表示“大3岁”,“长2米”时, 要用 数量词+比较级 years older than I. He is ______________ three 他比我大三岁。 two meters longer The bridge is ______________ than that one. 这条桥比那条长两米。

6. 比较A、B两事物, 询问哪一个较…时: Which / Who is + 比较级…? Which T-shirt is nicer, this one or that one? Who is more active, Mary or Kate?

形容词、副词的最高级
1. A…+ the + adj.最高级 +in(范围) of(同类) A…+adv.最高级 +in(范围) of(同类) in Mary is the tallest girl ___ her class of / ____ the three. of all the Bill reads most clearly ___ students.

2. one of the + 形容词最高级+名词 复数表示“最……之一” 他是班里最高的学生之一.

He is _____________________ one of the tallest students in the class.

3. the +序数词+ 形容词最高级+名词 第……最…… 它是世界上第二高的建筑物. the second tallest It is ______________ building in the world.

4. 比较A、B、C三事物, 询问哪一个最… 时: Which / Who is + 最高级…? Which T-shirt is the nicest, the white one, the green one or the yellow one?

Who is the most active, Mary, Alice or Kate?




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