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2019-2020年高考英语大一轮复习第2部分专题复习巧点拨专题3任务型阅读对点训练新人教版

2019-2020 年高考英语大一轮复习第 2 部分专题复习巧点拨专题 3 任务型 阅读对点训练新人教版
Ⅱ.对点训练 A
The attraction of television is undeniable when it es to kids.__1__Here are guidelines we created to help us decide what's appropriate for our family:
1.Monitor television time.Choosing good shows isn't a big issue if you're not watching a lot of television,so really the best solution to finding appropriate television is saying,“Go play.”__2__
2.Don't trust network ratings.A kid?approved stamp given by a television network is a general guide that doesn't take into account your parenting style and the things that your family feels are important.__3__There are plenty of adult animated(动 画的)shows on television now,many with highly inappropriate topics.
3.__4__The bottom line is that I want to know what my kids are watching,and if the TV is on in our home,I want to first approve of the show ahead of time, and second to watch it with my kids so that I'm aware of anything they might be seeing that needs intervention.
4.Talk about the show with your child.As kids get older,we realize that we can't shelter them from every single person/show/behavior that doesn't fit exactly our values.They're going to hear a swear word from time to time—and might walk into the room while the characters in the romantic edy we're watching are kissing.__5__
A.If it doesn't feel good,turn it off. B.And be aware of cartoons! C.We can talk about what we see,though,using storylines to teach lessons when possible. D.The standard for what our kids can watch might be difficult to set. E.But how do you choose which shows are appropriate for the younger set? F.Watch TV with them. G.Still,a little bit of television doesn't hurt and can be fun.
语篇解读 本文就如何选择适合孩子看的电视节目给出了一些建议。
1.E [由下文中的“Here are guidelines we created to help us decide what's appropriate for our family”可知,空处应选 E 项“但是你怎么选择哪些节目是适合年轻 人的?”,下文对此作出了解答。]

2.G [由上文中的“Go play”可知选 G 项,该项讲的是让孩子去看电视的一个原因, 即看一点电视不会对孩子产生不良影响,并且会很有趣。]
3 . B [ 由 下 文 中 的 “There are plenty of adult animated( 动 画 的 )shows on television now,many with highly inappropriate topics.”可知选 B。即动画片需要谨 慎提防,因为它们可能会含有不适合孩子的话题。]
4.F [由下文中的“and second to watch it with my kids”可知选 F。] 5.C [由主题句“Talk about the show with your child.”可知 C 项符合语境。]
B The Peer Pressure The peer pressure is just part of the challenges in life.6.________If you need further guidance,this article might help you.It provides three effective tips to deal with it: Be friends with who respect your beliefs. You can go out with people who accept and respect the things yon believe in and those who you know you can share your interests with.It is all right to be choosy about friends because you just want what is best for them and you.7.________ You are just exhibiting what you know is right and good for both sides.Your friends will understand you for that.They can drag you away from discrimination and you can be confident that they will not leave you for your stand in life. 8.________ When you are driven by so many peer pressures,you can always stay away from the peers.You can actually decide not to be one of them.When you have decided on it,learn to be firm with your decision.9.________They should know that you cannot be forced to do certain things because you are strong and firm with what you believe in. Learn how to say no. Learning to say no is one big factor to deal with some pressures from all of your friends.When you are convinced to do something you know that can only destroy you or ruin you,learn to say no.10.________You cannot just say yes to anything.You have a functional mind and you know what is best for you.So learn to say no even if saying no means losing your friends. A.Have a firm decision. B.Don't blame others. C.This does not mean you are being selfish or you are being self?centered.

D.You should know how to deal with it. E.You can always deal with it positively. F.This can make them believe that you cannot just be driven by any other things. G.Just be straightforward and say it without hesitation. 答案 6~10 DCAFG
2019-2020 年高考英语大一轮复习第 2 部分专题复习巧点拨专题 4 完形填 空体裁 1 记叙文对点训练新人教版
Ⅱ.对点训练 A
My brother Hershel celebrated his seventeenth birthday on January 4th,1943.Unexpectedly,there was a(n)__1__in my family.
Seeing young men from our village race to join the army , Hershel was greatly__2__.He made a decision on his birthday to__3__for his duty.“You're too young!”Dad rejected.“I'm not!I can't__4__!”Hershel declared.
By then so many young men had lost their lives in the battlefield.Out of his__5__of losing his firstborn.Dad didn't want to send Hershel to war.
The argument continued for months.__6__Dad's signature was necessary for his service,Hershel had to persuade Dad to support him.With little progress,he became increasingly__7__and impatient.__8__,Dad realized that a son who was unhappy would acplish little at home.He __9__,though with deep worry.
On the day of Hershel's__10__to begin his service in the Navy,Dad__11__him to town.__12__to speak of his love,Dad waited until the last moment,and pulled him tightly to his heart.
One day two years later,a piece of__13__news came over the radio.Hershel's ship had __14__ ! The number of survivors was unknown.Dad's face was crumpled( 扭 曲)by__15__,“Oh,no!”
Sending his firstborn to war must be an enormous__16__! Without further message,the whole family were in despair.__17__filled our home.But Dad was still waiting.One day , a telegram came.It was from the war department.When Dad held it in the hand,he was__18__.With trembling fingers,he tore it open.“Hershel is alive and is ing home!”he shouted with__19__.

When Hershel appeared in the yard,he walked slowly to Dad and hugged him

fiercely.Dad,a strong man who seldom__20__emotion,embraced his son and cried

openly.

His son was home.

语篇解读 本篇为记叙文,主要讲述了一位父亲不同意儿子去参军却最后妥协并在担忧

中等待儿子归来的故事。

1.A.accident

B.bargain

C.quarrel

D.meeting

C [考查名词。根据第二段哥哥想要参军,但是父亲反对可知,哥哥与父亲有了争吵,

quarrel 意为“争吵”,符合语境,故选 C。accident 意外;bargain 协议,交易;meeting

会议。句意:没有料到的是,家里发生了争吵。]

2.A.disturbed

B.honored

C.defeated

D.encouraged

D [考查动词。句意:看到村里的年轻男子都争相参军,Hershel 受到了极大的鼓舞。

根据后文 Hershel 的入伍打算可知,他是被其他参军的人鼓舞的,故选 D。disturb 打扰,

干扰;honor 尊敬,尊重;defeat 击败;encourage 鼓舞,鼓励。]

3.A.sign up

B.look out

C.wake up

D.set out

A [考查动词短语。句意:他在生日那天做出了一个决定——报名参军履行他的职责。

sign up(for)意为“报名参加”,符合语境,故选 A。look out (for)当心,留心防备;wake

up 醒来,觉悟;set out 出发,动身。]

4.A.understand

B.obey

C.wait

D.help

C [考查动词。Hershel 声称:我不小了!我等不及了!此处 I can't wait 表达完整

应为“I can't wait to join the army”,意为“我迫不及待想要参军”,而 can't help

意为“情不自禁”,不符合语境。故选 C。understand 理解,明白;obey 遵守,服从;wait

等待;help 帮助。]

5.A.sadness

B.fear

C.regret

D.annoyance

B [考查名词。害怕失去他的长子,爸爸不想把 Hershel 送去战场。根据前文已经有许

多人在战场上失去了生命可知,爸爸害怕 Hershel 也会如此,fear 意为“恐惧,害怕”,

符合语境,故选 B。sadness 难过,悲伤;regret 懊悔,遗憾;annoyance 烦恼。]

6.A.Unless

B.If

C.Though

D.Since

D [考查连词。句意:由于 Hershel 要去服役必须有爸爸的签名,所以他必须说服爸爸

支持他(参军)。根据空后的“Dad's signature was necessary”和后文的 had to 可知,主

从句为因果关系,since 意为“因为,既然”,故选 D。unless 意为“除非”;if 意为“如

果”;though 意为“虽然,尽管”。]

7.A.anxious

B.serious

C.ambitious

D.wild

A [考查形容词。句意:几乎没有进展,Hershel 变得越来越焦虑和急躁。根据 and(表

示并列关系)可知,设空处与 impatient“没耐心的,急躁的”意思相近,anxious 意为“焦

虑的,担心的”,符合语境,故选 A。serious 严肃的,认真的,严重的;ambitious 野心

勃勃的;wild 野蛮的,狂热的。]

8.A.Unconsciously

B.Undoubtedly

C.Eventually

D.pletely

C [考查副词。句意:最终,父亲意识到一个不开心的儿子在家里是不会有什么建树的。

根据前文的 little progress 以及后文的 Hershel 参军了可知,爸爸由坚决不同意到最终

(eventually)意识到要放手让 Hershel 去参军才是对他最好的,故选 C。unconsciously 无

意识地;undoubtedly 毫无疑问地;eventually 最终;pletely 彻底地,完全地。]

9.A.held on

B.broke out

C.gave up

D.went away

C [考查动词短语。句意:他放弃了(对 Hershel 的反对),然而带着深深的忧虑。根据

下文 Hershel 参军了可知,爸爸最后还是妥协了。give up 意为“放弃”,此处表示爸爸放

弃了对 Hershel 执意参军的反对,符合语境,故选 C。hold out 稍等,坚持;break out 爆

发;go away 离开。]

10.A.graduation

B.signature

C.application

D.departure

D [考查名词。句意:在 Hershel 出发去海军服役的那天,爸爸陪他去了镇上。departure

意为“出发”,与后文的 begin his service 相呼应,故选 D。graduation 毕业;signature

签名;application 申请。]

11.A.carried

B.invited

C.delivered

D.acpanied

D [考查动词。根据后文爸爸与 Hershel 告别的场景可知,爸爸陪同 Hershel 去了镇上。

故选 D。carry 携带,背着;invite 邀请;deliver 传送,发表;acpany 陪同,为……伴奏。]

12.A.Desperate

B.Unable

C.Discouraged

D.Undecided

B [考查形容词。句意:没有说出他的爱,父亲一直等到最后一刻才把他拉入怀中紧紧

抱着。根据下文可知,爸爸是一个内敛的不爱表达情绪的人,设空处表示爸爸没有说出自己

的爱,而是用拥抱表现出来,故选 B。desperate 绝望的;unable 不会的,不能的;discouraged

气馁的,沮丧的;undecided 未决定的。]

13.A.exciting

B.interesting

C.shocking

D.strange

C [考查形容词。句意:两年后的一天,收音机上传来一则震惊的消息。根据后文的

survivors“幸存者”可知,不好的消息传来了,只有 shocking 符合语境,故选 C。exciting

令人兴奋的;interesting 有趣的;shocking 令人震惊的;strange 奇怪的。]

14.A.broken down

B.gone away

C.broken through

D.gone down

D [考查动词短语。句意:Hershel(服役)的船沉没了。根据后文的“The number of

survivors was unknown”可知,船发生了事故,幸存者人数未知。go down 在此处表示船

只沉没,符合语境,故选 D。break down 抛锚,出故障,分解;go away 离开;break through

突破,突围。]

15.A.doubt

B.sorrow

C.disappointment

D.displeasure

B [考查名词。爸爸的脸因为悲伤而扭曲了。根据上文 Hershel(服役)的船沉没了,生

还者数量不知可知,爸爸此时的心情是悲伤的,恐惧的,担忧的,sorrow 意为“悲伤”,

符合语境,故选 B。doubt 疑问;disappointment 失望;displeasure 不开心,不满意。]

16.A.glory

B.challenge

C.sacrifice

D.pressure

C [考查名词。句意:把他的长子送去参加战争一定是巨大的牺牲。根据前文爸爸不愿

意让他的长子 Hershel 去参军可知,最终同意让 Hershel 去参军,爸爸做出了很大的让步,

sacrifice 意为“牺牲”,符合句意,故选 C。glory 荣耀,光荣;challenge 挑战;pressure

压力。]

17.A.Conflict

B.Hopelessness

C.Assumption

D.Expectation

B [考查名词。根据前文的 Without further message 以及 despair 可知,没有进一步

的消息,他们感到绝望,设空处应为 despair 的同义词。hopelessness 意为“绝望”,符

合语境,故选 B。conflict 矛盾,争议;assumption 假设;expectation 期盼,期望。]

18.A.nervous

B.ignorant

C.proud

D.calm

A [考查形容词。句意:当爸爸手里握着电报时,他十分紧张。根据后文的 trembling

fingers 可知,爸爸手指颤抖,心情十分紧张(nervous),故选 A。ignorant 无知的;proud

骄傲的;calm 平静的,镇定的。]

19.A.delight

B.disbelief

C.confidence

D.determination

A [考查名词。爸爸兴奋地喊出来:“Hershel 还活着,他就要回家了!”前文

Hershel(服役)的船沉没,生死未卜,而当得知 Hershel 还活着时,爸爸的心情必然是激动

的,delight 意为“开心,高兴”,符合语境,故选 A。disbelief 不相信;confidence 信

心;determination 决心。]

20.A.hid

B.wasted

C.controlled

D.showed

D [考查动词。句意:父亲,一个坚强的很少显露情绪的人,拥抱他的儿子并且当众哭

了。根据后文的 cried openly 可推测,爸爸平时很少在人面前显露(show)自己的情绪,故

选 D。hide 隐藏;waste 浪费;control 控制。]

B

Tony set off for home again without eating since,as usual,one of the older

boys had taken his packed lunch.Angry and__1__,Tony rushed to the park,when he

suddenly saw a wasp(黄蜂)flying about among the rose bushes.It__2__him,making him

get away from the roses immediately.Then,a__3__came into his head:How is it that

something so much__4__than himself could frighten him like that?

Having__5__the insect for a while , he had a good understanding of the

wasp's__6__:it was fear.A wasp could never__7__with a person,but everyone was so

afraid of its sting that they left the wasp__8__.So Tony spent that night__9__what

his“sting”could be.

The next day,Tony seemed like a__10__boy.No longer did he walk with his eyes

fixed on the ground,nor did he__11__nervously when people spoke to him.Instead,

he became brave and__12__,ready to face up to anyone.The boy who took his packed

lunch that day ate so spicy a sausage sandwich that he__13__crying and coughing.Never

again did he rob Tony of his lunches.Another older boy__14__to hit Tony,but this

time Tony looked at the boy__15__and bravely.From memory,Tony told him the__16__of

his parents,his teacher, and tine boy's own mother,“__17__you hit me,I'll call

them,and you'll be severely punished.”The boy turned around and__18__from the

scene.

The strategy__19__.So,in the end,Tony became like the wasp he'd seen.Without

even having to sting anyone,he frightened them,and__20__that no one would mess

with him.

语篇解读 文章通过一个小男孩的心理变化过程告诉我们:不要恐惧,要从心理上勇敢

面对不好的东西,这样一切才会好起来。

1.A.excited

B.dissatisfied

C.frustrated

D.relaxed

C [考查形容词。根据文章前面的“one of the older boys had taken his packed

lunch”可以判断出,Tony 的午餐被抢,由此可知他感到生气和沮丧。frustrated 意为“沮

丧的”,符合文章的意思。excited“兴奋的”,dissatisfied“不满意的”,relaxed“放

松的”,均不符合文章的意思。]

2.A.scared

B.inspired

C.rescued

D.forted

A [考查动词。从后文的“making him get away from the roses immediately”以及

“could frighten him like that”可知,Tony 害怕黄蜂。scare 意为“使害怕”,符合文

章的意思。inspire“鼓舞”,rescue“营救”,fort“安慰”。]

3.A.guess

B.thought

C.belief

D.view

B [考查名词。根据文章的意思可知,此处指的是“一个想法出现在他脑海中”。

guess“猜想”,belief“信念”,view“观点”,均不符合文章的意思。]

4.A.smaller

B.bigger

C.smarter

D.fiercer

A [考查形容词。某个比他小得多的东西怎么会把自己吓成那样?根据句子的意思可

知,表示“小一些”要用 smaller。bigger“大一些”,smarter“聪明些”,fiercer“凶

残些”,均不符合文章的意思。]

5.A.collected

B.tested

C.watched

D.counted

C [考查动词。根据前文 Tony 在公园可知,他看了一会儿黄蜂。故选 C。]

6.A.challenge

B.trick

C.choice

D.method

B [考查名词。根据后文的“it was fear”可知,Tony 了解了黄蜂的“把戏”,故要

用 trick。challenge“挑战”,choice“选择”,method“方法”,均不符合文章的意思。]

7.A.bite

B.discuss

C.fight

D.hit

C [考查动词。黄蜂从不会与人发生争斗,但是每个人都害怕它的螫针,所以不敢惹它。

fight with 的意思是“与……发生争斗”。]

8.A.in peace

B.in silence

C.by parison

D.on end

A [考查介词短语。根据文章的意思可知,人们害怕黄蜂的螫针,所以会与它和平相处。

in peace 表示“和平地”,符合文章的意思。in silence“沉默地”,by parison“通过

对比”,on end“连续地”,均不符合文章的意思。]

9.A.remembering

B.doubting

C.regretting

D.wondering

D [考查动词。从前文可知,Tony 发现了黄蜂的“把戏”,因此整夜都在琢磨自己的

“螫针”会是什么。wonder 的意思是“想知道,琢磨”,符合文章的意思。]

10.A.different

B.mon

C.strange

D.rare

A [考查形容词。根据后文的“No longer did he walk with his eyes fixed on the

ground”可知,他不再两眼盯着地面走路了。所以第二天和第一天的表现是不同的,故用

different。]

11.A.turn back

B.look into

C.turn down

D.look away

D [考查动词短语。根据后文的“Instead,he became brave”可知,他变得勇敢了,

别人跟他说话时,他不再紧张地把脸转开。look away 意为“把脸转开,看别的地方”,符

合文章的意思。turn back“往回走”,look into“调查”,turn down“关小,调低”,

均不符合文章的意思。]

12.A.confident

B.reliable

C.cheerful

D.sensitive

A [考查形容词。根据后文的“ready to face up to anyone”可知,他准备去勇敢地

面对任何人,故此处表示他变得很有自信。]

13.A.picked up

B.brought out

C.ended up

D.cut down

C [考查动词短语。根据“...ate so spicy a sausage sandwich that...”和后文的

“Never again did he rob Tony of his lunches”可知,抢 Tony 午餐的男孩最终被辣哭

了。end up doing 的意思是“以……而告终”,符合文章的意思。]

14.A.promised

B.threatened

C.decided

D.started

B [考查动词。根据后文的“...you hit me I'll call them,and you'll be severely

punished”可知,另一个男孩威胁要打 Tony。]

15.A.cruelly

B.proudly

C.determinedly

D.carelessly

C [考查副词。根据语境以及后面的“bravely”可知,Tony 是坚定地看着这个男孩。

determinedly“果断地,坚定地”,符合文章的意思。cruelly“残忍地”,proudly“自豪

地”,carelessly“粗心地”,均不符合文章的意思。]

16.A.numbers

B.feelings

C.names

D.changes

A [考查名词。根据后文的“...you hit me I'll call them”可知,Tony 凭记忆将

这些电话号码背出来了。故选 A。]

17.A.As

B.If

C.Though

D.Unless

B [考查连词。如果你打我的话,我就会给他们打电话。根据句子的意思可知,此处表

示条件,要用 If。]

18.A.withdrew

B.recovered

C.sheltered

D.suffered

A [考查动词。根据文章的意思可知,男孩转过身,退出了现场。withdraw“退出,撤

离”;recover“恢复”;shelter“庇护”;suffer“遭遇”。故选 A。]

19.A.improved

B.failed

C.survived

D.worked

D [考查动词。根据“in the end,Tony became like the wasp he'd seen”可知,

这个策略奏效了。work“奏效”,符合文章的意思。故选 D。]

20.A.proved

B.guaranteed

C.concluded

D.foresaw

B [考查动词。甚至没有非得刺痛任何人,他吓倒了他们,保证没人来惹他。根据句子

的意思可知,此处表示“保证”,故选 B。prove“证明”,conclude“推断出,得出结论”,

foresee“预见”,均不符合文章的意思。]



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