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Ⅰ.Read the text and match the following paragraphs with their main ideas.
Para.1 A.The focus of the WWF's attention

Para.2 B.The cooperation between the WWF and China
Para.3 C.The brief introduction of the WWF
答案:Para.1—C Para.2—A Para.3—B

Ⅱ.Chose the best answer according to the text.

1 . The WWF set its office in Switzerland



B.the 1980s



2.The main change about WWF in the past and now



A.more countries and people joining and helping

B.enlarging its protecting focus from extinct animals

only to all activities concerned about nature C.its cooperation with the governments

D.to set branches in China

3.Which of the following is NOT favoured by WWF? A.Killing animals, especially extinct ones. B.To pollute the environment. C.To waste the energy. D.All of the above.

4.The most effective way to carry out WWF's purpose

in your opinion is to

A.have more volunteers

B.receive more money from the supporters

C . educate more people about the significance of

environmental protection D.to set up more branches around the world

答案:1~4 ABDC

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The turtle laid (产卵) lots of eggs, buried them in the sand and returned to the sea slowly. 2. His company is developing so rapidly that he has set up several branches (分支机构) in other big cities.

3.The rescue operation has been the focus (焦点) of public attention since the ship sank in the Yangtze River.
4.He is interested in studying insects (昆虫). 5.Can you remember the initials (首字母) of the name of his company? 6.As we know, the whale is a kind of mammal (哺 乳动物).

7.Don't waste (浪费) your money on silly things; save it.
8.He traversed alone the whole continent (洲) of Africa from east to west.

Ⅱ.根据汉语意思及词性写出下面单词 1. aim n.目标;目的→ aimless adj.无目的的 2.involve vt.涉及;包括→ involved adj.棘手的;
有关的 3.energy n.能源→ energetic adj.精力充沛的 4.wonder n.奇迹→wonderfuladj.奇妙的,极好的

5.extinction n.灭绝;绝种→ extinct adj.灭绝 的;绝种的


词根 词形变化


名词加-less 构成具有否定意

aim aimless


wonder wonderful 名词加-ful 构成形容词


1.be concerned about sth. 关心/担心某事

2. tend to do sth.



3.keep an eye on


4.feed on


5.go for sb.


6.stand for 7.have an effect on 8. as a result 9.set up 10.have access to

代表 对……产生影响 结果是 建立;设立 可以接*……;可以获 得……

1.[教材原句]Only about 1,000 survive, most of them in Siberia.
只有大约 1 000 只老虎幸存,大部分在西伯利亚。

[句型点拨]独立主格结构。 [佳句赏析]在我们大学里有 100 多名留学生,一些来 自于非洲。 There are more than 100 foreign students in our college, some of them from Africa.

2.[教材原句]The population is supposed to be less than 5,000.
其数量应该不足 5 000 头。 [句型点拨]be supposed to do sth.“应该做某事”。 [佳句赏析]我们应该在中午十二点前退房。 We are supposed to check out of the hotel before 12:00.

3.[教材原句]The WWF believes that our world has a future only if people learn to conserve nature and not waste energy.
世界自然基金组织认为只有人们学会保护自然,不 浪费能源,我们的世界才有未来。

[句型点拨]only if“只要”。 [佳句赏析]只要他答应我的条件,我愿意为他免费工 作一年。 I am willing to work for him without pay only if he meets my condition.

The WWF is the world's largest organisation for nature conservation. It was founded in the UK in 1961 and opened an international office in Switzerland in the same year. Its aim was to protect the natural habitats of wild animals in danger of extinction. One of the founders, the

painter and naturalist Peter Scott, designed the famous panda logo. The initials, WWF, stand for World Wide Fund for Nature. Originally the name was World Wildlife Fund. Today the organisation has branches in 90 countries in all five continents. It has thousands of volunteers and more than five million supporters who help by giving money. Since 1985 it has spent more than $1,000 million on 11,000 projects in 130 countries.

The focus of attention has changed, too. In the 1980s the WWF became interested in all activities which have an effect on the environment, such as pollution and the way we use energy. The WWF believes that our world has a future only if people learn to conserve nature and not waste energy. As a result, it started working with governments to introduce environmental education into schools.

The WWF has worked with the Chinese government since 1980, when Dr George Shaller arrived to work with Chinese scientists on the panda project. For fifteen years WWF China staff had been based in Switzerland but came to China to monitor the project. Then, in 1995, the organisation set up an office in Beijing. Today there are more than thirty staff working on twenty projects all over the country. They include work in forests, energy, and in environmental education for China's primary and secondary schools as well as saving the panda, of course.

世界自然保护基金组织是世界上最大的自然保护 组织。它于 1961 年在英国成立,同年在瑞士建立了一个 国际总部。它的目的是保护濒危野生动物的自然栖息地。 创建者之一,画家兼博物学家皮特·斯科特设计了著名的 熊猫标志。缩略词 WWF 代表世界自然保护基金组织。 起初名字是世界野生动物基金组织。今天,这个组织在 五大洲 90 个国家都有分部。它有数千名志愿者和 500 多 万通过捐钱来帮忙的支持者。从 1985 年起这个组织已经 在 130 个国家 11 000 个项目上投入了 10 多亿美元。

公众关注的焦点也发生了变化。20 世纪 80 年化,世 界自然保护基金组织开始关注所有对环境造成影响的活 动,比如污染和我们利用能源的方式。世界自然保护基 金组织相信,只有人们学会保护自然,不浪费能源,我 们的世界才有未来。因此,它开始和政府合作,把环境 教育介绍到学校。

从 1980 年起,世界自然保护基金组织就已经与中国 政府合作,当时,乔治·山勒博士来到中国与中国科学 家一起从事大熊猫的研究项目。15 年来世界自然保护基 金组织中国方面的工作人员都是从瑞士来到中国监控这 个项目的。后来,在 1995 年,这个组织在北京建立了办 事处。时至目前,全国有 30 多个该组织成员在从事着 20 个项目的工作。它们包括在森林、能源方面的工作和向 中国的中小学生进行环保教育,当然也包括拯救大熊猫 的项目。

1.The World Wide Fund for Nature is an organisation whose aim is to protect wildlife.(P54)
世界自然基金组织是一个以保护野生动植物为目的 的组织。

★aim n.目标,目的 vt.& vi.力求达到;力争做到

①He has only one aim in life — to succeed.


(1)take aim at sb./sth. 瞄准某人/某物

without aim


with the aim of


achieve one's aim


(2)aim sth.at sb./sth. 把……对准某人/某物

aim at ...


aim to do ...


be aimed at doing


②We aim to finish the work by Friday.


③This campaign is aimed at reducing road accidents. 这项活动旨在减少交通事故。 ④The competition was started with the aim of encouraging young writers. 我们开展此项竞赛以鼓励新的年轻作家为目的。

2.But the trade also involves live animals.(P55) 然而,这种交易还包括贩卖活的野生动物。 ★ involve vt.涉及;包括;需要;使参加;引起 ① Thus, the difficult cases usually involve governmental benefits. 所以, 棘手的案件通常涉及政府的利益。

(1)involve doing sth.


involve sb.in (doing) sth. 使某人参加做某事;把某


involve in/into


involve with


involve sb.with sb. 与(某人)有密切关系

(2)be/get/become involved in sth./with sb. 与某事有关系/与某人有牵连

②Housework involves cooking, washing dishes,

sweeping and cleaning



③I prefer teaching methods that actively Involve students in learning.

[名师点津] involved 作定语,前置或后置时意义不

同:the people involved“所涉及的人”;the involved


★live adj.活的;现场直播的,实况转播的 adv.在现 场直播
[一词多义]写出下列句中 live 的词性及含义 ④The cat is playing with a live mouse. adj.活的 ⑤It wasn't a recorded show. It was live.
adj.现场直播的 ⑥The landing on the moon was telecast live.



alive lively

气的;活跃的”,常作表语、宾补、主补及后置 定语(不作前置定语) 意为“生动的;活泼的;有生气的”,可作定语(前 置)、表语、主补、宾补 意为“活着的;现存的”,还可引申为“生动的;

living 逼真的;栩栩如生的”,常作表语、主补、宾补 和定语

意为“活的”,常修饰动物,不修饰人。还可引 live

⑦She was still alive when I reached the hospital. 当我赶到医院的时候,她还活着。 ⑧She's a lively child and popular with everyone. 她是个活泼的孩子,大家都喜欢她。 ⑨No man living could have done better. 当世的人没有一个能做得更好。

3. A reptile has cold blood and lays eggs.(P55) 爬行动物是冷血动物并且产卵。 ★lay vt.产卵;下蛋;放置;搁置;铺 ①The workers are laying the tracks. 工人们在铺设铁轨。

lay down


lay off


②The students laid the book on the desk and

laid himself down to sleep. 学生把书放在桌上,躺下睡觉。

③They were laid off because of the lack of new orders.


lie-lied-lied-lying 说谎(规则动词) lie lie-lay-lain-lying 位于,躺(不规则
动词) lay-laid-laid-laying 产卵;下蛋;放置; lay 搁置;铺

[语境串记] The boy lying in bed lied that his turtle had laid 100 eggs.
躺在床上的那个男孩撒谎说,他家乌龟下了 100 个蛋。

4.One of the wonders of the insect world. (P55) 昆虫世界的奇迹之一。 ★wonder n.惊奇;惊愕;奇迹 v.惊讶;惊奇;想 知道 ①It is a wonder that he remained alive after dropping from the roof of a ten-storied building. 他从一幢十层高楼的楼顶上摔下来仍然活着,真是 奇迹。

(1)in wonder


It's a wonder (that)... 奇怪的是……

(It's) no wonder (that) 难怪……;一点也不 奇


(2)wonder at sth./that... 对……感到惊讶

wonder about sth.


wonder wh-/how-clause 想知道……

wonder if/whether


②He hasn't slept at all for three days. It is no wonder that he is tired out.
他已经三天没有睡觉了。难怪他很疲倦。 ③Do you seriously wonder that she didn't help him? 她没有帮助他,你感到特别惊奇吗?

5.I'm concerned about the future of wildlife in Africa.(P57)
我很担心非洲野生生物的未来。 ★be concerned about 关心/担心某事 ①Many people are concerned about the pollution of the environment. 许多人都关心环境污染问题。

(1)be concerned in/with sth. 与某事有关;涉及

as far as sb./sth.be concerned 就某人(某事)而言

be concerned for

挂念……; 关心……

(2)concern n.




show/express concern about 对……表示关心/担心

(3)concerning prep.


② As far as I'm concerned , you can do what you like. 就我而言,你做什么事都可以。 ③The lawyer unearthed some new evidence concerning the case. 律师发现了有关此案件的新证据。

[名师点津] concerned 作前置定语时,表示“关 心的,担心的”;作后置定语时,表示“有关的,牵 涉到的”。
6.To keep an eye on something means ...(P57) 密切注意某个东西意思是…… ★keep an eye on 照看;留意

①We've asked the neighbors to keep an eye on the

house for us while we are away. 我们已请邻居在我们外出时帮助我们照看一下


have an eye for sth. 对……有鉴赏力

catch one's eyes


fix/one's eyes on


look sb.in the eye


②A good artist must

have an eye for


③Her eyes were fixed on her plate.



7.The initials, WWF, stand for World Wide Fund for Nature.(P59)
缩略词 WWF 代表世界自然保护基金组织。 ★stand for 代表;主张,坚持;容忍(多用于否定句)

[一词多义]写出下列句中 stand for 的含义 ①We Chinese stand for peace and wish to settle all disputes by peaceful means. 主张 ② The letters WTO stand for World Trade Organisation. 代表 ③The teacher wouldn't stand for such behaviour.

stand by


stand out


stand up


can't stand sth./doing sth. 不能忍受(做)某事
④How can you stand by and do nothing when

she needs help?


⑤The new road sign is easy to read; the words stand out well.
新路标容易辨认,上面的字很醒目。 8.The focus of attention has changed, too.(P59) 关注的焦点也发生了改变。 ★focus n.焦点;集中点 v.集中;聚集;使集中

①The focus of this chapter is the American Revolution.


(1)in/out of focus



bring sth. into focus 使某事物成为焦点

(2)focus on


focus sth.on


focus one's attention/mind/energy on 集中注意力/心思/精力于

②We must focus (our attention) on urgent problems.


③The children's faces were badly out of focus in the photograph.
照片上孩子们的面部非常模糊。 9.The WWF believes that our world has a future only if people learn to conserve nature and not waste energy.(P59) 世界自然保护基金组织相信只有人们学会保护自然 并且不浪费资源,我们的地球才会有美好的未来。

★only if“只有……才……” only if 引导真实条件句,句子中不用虚拟语气,其中 的 only if 放于句首表示强调,主句要部分倒装。 ①You can make progress only if you are modest. 只有虚心才能进步。 ②Only if I get a job will I have enough money to go to school. 我只有找到了工作才有足够的钱上学。

只有……才……,引导陈述语气的真 only if
但愿……,要是……就好了,引导虚 if only

③If only we had arrived on time, we would not have missed the train.
要是我们按时到,就不会错过火车了。 10.Then, in 1995, the organisation set up an office in Beijing.(P59) 后来,在 1995 年,这个组织在北京设立了办事机构。

★set up 建立;设立 ①They set up a tent near the seashore. 他们在海滨附*搭起了一个帐篷。 ②A few scarecrows were set up in the fields. 田里竖起了几个稻草人。

set about (doing) 开始做(某事)

set aside


set back


set out (to do) 动身,出发;开始做……

set off

出发,动身; (使)开始; 引起;


③The new government must set about finding solutions to the country's economic problems.
新政府必须着手寻找解决国家经济问题的办法。 ④She set aside her book and lit a cigarette. 她把书放在一旁,点了一支烟。

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.After an aimless (aim) search for the lost boy, they were running out of fuel and had to return.

2.Camping is a good way to spend time with your kids and to show them how wonderful (wonder) nature is.
3.The project has been a great success and I would like to thank all the people involved (involve).
4.When the rescue team found the old lady under the ruins, she was still alive (live).

5.The professor said that having dinner together with family members had a very good effect on children's development.
6.The public urged the government to set up an old people's home to help old people and pay for their health care.
7.In Russia, China and some other countries, red stands for beauty, life and happiness.

8 . Studies found that the chimpanzees eat meat sometimes though they mostly feed on fruits and nuts.
9.The number of wild pandas is becoming smaller, and I am concerned about the future of pandas.
10.Henry broke his leg on his way to school. As a result, he will have to be absent from school for two or three months.

11.The speech he made concerning (concern) the project has bothered me greatly.
12.Some children tend to be distracted by new things so that they can not focus on their study.
13.Apes are in danger of extinction (extinct).

14.In October 1962 the world seemed on the brink of nuclear war.
15.The boy laid (lay) the flowers on the table, walked in and found her lying (lie) in bed.

Ⅱ.完成句子 1.萨姆在他父母的帮助下建立了自己的公司。 Sam set up his own company with the help of his parents.

2.*年来网上流行的字母——大写 V,代表的是 VIP,即贵宾用户。
The popular letter “V” on the Internet stands for VIP, that is, the very important person.
3.刚才提到的那些小鸡以昆虫为主食。 The chickens referred to just now feed on insects.

4.我父亲正在努力挣钱,打算买一所房子。 My father is trying to earn more money, aiming to buy a house. 5.这次会议与改革有关,在场的各位都很关心他们 自己的个人利益。 The meeting was concerned with reforms and everyone present was concerned for/about their own interests.

Ⅲ.一句多译 1.对一个典型的妈妈来讲,应对工作上糟糕的一天 意味着把注意力集中在孩子们以及他们的需求上。 ①For a typical mother, coping with a bad day at work meant focusing her attention on her children and their needs. (focus) ②For a typical mother, coping with a bad day at work meant fixing her attention on her children and their needs. (fix)

2.许多人到大城市是为了找到更好的工作。 ①Many people go to big cities with the aim of finding better jobs.(介词短语) ②Many people go to big cities, aiming to find better jobs.(现在分词短语作状语)

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