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2014-2015年人教版小学语文六年级上册期末试题

Manipulator i s now use d as a industrial r obots in us e, the control obj ectives often a ppear often i n industrial aut omation. Industrial aut omation technol ogy has gradually mature d, as mat ure a te chnol ogy line has bee n rapi d development i n industria l aut omation a s a separate subject. Mani pulat or applicati on began t o filter int o wel ding, logisti cs, me cha nica l proces sing, and ot her industries. E spe cially at high or very l ow temperat ures, full of pois onous ga ses, high ra diation ca se, r obot in simi lar cir cumsta nces showe d great use als o bri ngs great convenie nce to t he staff. Preci sely beca us e of this r obot to get people's attention bega n to be a high degree of dev elopment. Labor rates, w orking conditi ons, labor inte nsive aspects of prom oting development. B oth at home a nd abroa d to devel op t he PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic controller) is in vari ous special circumstances a nd under s pecial conditions set for mechanical device s. Now t urne d on the deve lopme nt of the microele ctroni cs a utomatic control technology and t he rapid development of t he trains , the succes s of PLC hardware software a nd simulation control win big and s uccessful devel opme nt, now conti nue s to develop as a fact ory aut omation standards. Be cause robots ar e good development of the technology makes a good optimization of pr oductive capital, and robot s how s this uni que advantage s, s uch as: has g ood compatibility, wi de availa bilit y, har dware is com plete, a nd programming that can be mastered in a short time, so i n the context of industrial PLC applicati ons be came ubiquitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agri cult ure and industry has bee n applied, such a s the use of mechani cal harve sting large area s of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line t hat uses a r oboti c arm, a nd s o on. Toda y, the hig h level of a utomation combi ned wit h restricti ons on the mani pulator devel opment l evel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal . The design i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control. T his of design l et desig ners on in school by lear n of has a m ust of cons olidati on, understand ha s some us ually di dn't opportunities aware nes s in w orld range within some lea ding level of knowledge has ha s must aware nes s, hope designers can i n yihou of design i n the can succes s of us ing in t his design i n the proceeds of experie nce 1.2 mani pulat or in both at home a nd a broad of research profile a utomation mechani cal arm resear ch began Yu 2 0th century me dium-term, after years wit h with computer and aut omation te chnology of dev elopment, Makes me cha nica l arm on the Grand stage of industrial automati on a nd s hine, gradually became an i ndustrial evaluati on sta ndar ds, a nd its importance ca n be see n. Now origi nal roboti c arm spe nt most of mass production a nd use on t he production line , whi ch i s programm ed robotic arm. As t he first generation of mani pulat or position control system s main features, although not ba ck several ge nerations that ca n dete ct the external environment, but ca n still s ucces sfully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, delivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation me cha nical arms ar e equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators have the envir onment there is a certain a mount of "sense", when the me cha nical arm is t o us e the pr ogram as a basi s. Difference is that the r obot begand

2014-2015 学年第一学期期末考试试卷 六年级语文
一、积累展示(44 分) 1、读拼音,写词语。 (10 分)

chú fánɡ

cì wei

ké sou

sù liào

jiāo zào

mò shēnɡ

zǔ náo

kuí wú

wēi xié

ménɡ lónɡ

2、比一比,组词。 (5 分) 歉( 谦( ) ) 键( 健( ) ) 眷( 券( ) ) 搏( 博( ) ) 臂( 劈( ) )

3、下面加点字的注音完全正确的一组是(2 分) A、蕴(yùn)含 B、一缕(lǚ) C、蹒(mǎn)跚 D、亢(kànɡ)奋 纤(qiàn)夫 要(yāo)挟 相差(chà) 旋转(zhuǎn) 慷慨(kǎi) 哈(hā)达 倒(dào)水 憎(zhēnɡ)恶

4、填字成词,并解释所填的字。 (6 分) 不解之( ) ( )不经心 不( )落后 ) )重

风雨同( 德高(

永流不( ) 5、按要求写词语。 (6分) (1)写近义词: 陡峭——( 藐视——( (2)写反义词: ) ) 凝聚——( 崇高——(

) )

奇异——( 端详——(

) )

m anipulat or control mode a nd pr ogrammable control lers introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on w ith mani pulat or control 2. 1.1 cl assificati on of contr ol relays and di screte ele ctronic circuit can control ol d industrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mai nly these tw o relatively chea p and y ou can me et the old -fashi one d, simple (or simple) industrial equipme nt. So he ca n see them now, however these two control modes (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuits) are the se fatal flaws: (1) cannot ada pt to the complex l ogic contr ol, (2) only for the curre nt proj ect, the lack of compati bility and (3) not reforming the system with e qui pment impr ovements. S pring for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation te chnol ogy the s ubsta ntial increase i n the level of industrial a utomation, completed t he perfe ct relay of the compute r too much. I n terms of controlli ng the computer s howe d his tw o great advantages : (1) each of the hardw are ca n be i nstalled on one or more 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全 microprocessors; (2) the official de signer of the software writi ng content contr ol is all a bout. Now in s everal ways in t he context of industrial a utomation ca n often be see n in t hree ways: (1) Programmabl e Logi cal Contr oller (referred to as IPC); ( 2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Programmable Logi cal Controll er (PLC for short). 2 .1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the t hree technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirements for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it invented t he computer. The men br oug ht in terms of har dware ther e, usi ng a hig h leve l of standardization, ca n us e more compati bility tool s, is a ri ch s oftware resource s, es pecially t he ne ed for immedia cy in operational systems . So the computer ca n effectively control is use d to control and meet its spe ed, on the virtual model, real -time and i n computati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed system started with a control system for industrial automati c instr ument used t o contr ol, whereas now it is s uccessful ly devel ope d into i ndustrial control computer used as a central colle ction and distri buti on system a nd transiti on of distributed control system in a nalog ue ha ndling, l oop control, has begun t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has gr eat advantages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of continuous pr oce ss control . Optimization of PLC is the corres pondi ng relay nee ds was bor n, its main use in t he work order contr ol, early primary is re placed relay thi s hulki ng system, focuse d on the swit ch contr olling the running order of functions. Marked by the microprocess or in the early 1970 of the 20th cent ury emerged, micro-ele ctronics technol ogy has devel ope d rapi dly, people s oon microel ectronics proces sing technology w ill be used i n the Programm able Logical Controller (that is

Manipulator i s now use d as a industrial r obots in us e, the control obj ectives often a ppear often i n industrial aut omation. In dustrial aut omation technol ogy has gradually mature d, as mat ure a te chnol ogy line has bee n rapi d development i n industria l aut omation a s a separate subject. Mani pulat or applicati on began t o filter int o wel ding, logisti cs, me cha nica l proces sing, and ot her industries. E spe cially at high or very l ow temperat ures, full of pois onous ga ses, high ra diation ca se, r obot in simi lar cir cumsta nces showe d great use als o bri ngs great convenie nce to t he staff. Preci sely beca us e of this r obot to get people's attention bega n to be a high degree of dev elopment. Labor rates, w orking conditi ons, labor inte nsive aspects of prom oting development. Both at home a nd abroa d to devel op t he PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic controller) is in vari ous special circumstances a nd under s pecial conditions set for mechanical device s. Now t urne d on the deve lopme nt of the microele ctroni cs a utomatic control technology and t he rapid development of t he trains , the succes s of PLC hardware software a nd simulation control win big and s uccessful devel opme nt, now conti nue s to develop as a fact ory aut omation standards. Be cause robots ar e good development of the technology make s a good optimization of pr oductive capital, and robot s how s this uni que advantage s, s uch as: has g ood compatibility, wi de availa bilit y, har dware is com plete, a nd programming that can be mastered in a short time, so i n the context of industrial PLC applica ti ons be came ubiquitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agri cult ure and industry has bee n applied, such a s the use of mechani cal harve sting large area s of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line t hat uses a r oboti c arm, a nd s o on. Toda y, the hig h level of a utomation combi ned wit h restricti ons on the mani pulator devel opment l evel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal . The design i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control. T his of design l et desig ners on in school by lear n of has a m ust of cons olidati on, understand ha s some us ually di dn't opportunities aware nes s in w orld range within some lea ding level of knowledge has ha s must aware nes s, hope designers can i n yihou of design i n the can succes s of us ing in t his design i n the proceeds of experie nce 1.2 mani pulat or in both at home a nd a broad of research profile a utomation mechani cal arm resear ch began Yu 2 0th century me dium-term, after years wit h with computer and aut omation te chnology of dev elopment, Makes me cha nica l arm on the Gran d stage of industrial automati on a nd s hine, gradually became an i ndustrial evaluati on sta ndar ds, a nd its importance ca n be se e n. Now origi nal roboti c arm spe nt most of mass production a nd use on t he production line , whi ch i s programm ed robotic arm. As t he first generation of mani pulat or position control system s main features, although not ba ck several ge nerations that ca n dete ct the external environment, but ca n still s ucces sfully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, delivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation me cha nical arms ar e equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators have the envir onment there is a certain amount of "sense", when the me cha nical arm is t o us e the pr ogram as a basi s. Difference is that the r obot begand

清爽——( 优雅——(

) )

清晰——( 严肃——(

) )

杰出——( 沮丧——(

) )

6、用“静”字组六个词语,并选择合适的词填在句中的括号里。(6分) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

(1)一天夜里,他在(

)的小路上散步。 ),只听见雪花簌簌地往下落。 )。

(2)冬天的山村,到了夜里格外(

(3)蜜蜂嗡嗡地飞舞,使这个庭院显得更( (4)他担心在遇到敌人,忙跑到( (5)五个孩子在海风呼啸中( 7、按要求写句子。 (5 分)

)的地方,把文件烧掉。 )地睡着,他们的呼吸均匀而( )。

1、风停了,山中的一切变得非常幽静。(改为拟人手法)

2、在他们听来,我拉的小夜曲最难听。(改为比喻手法)

3、菊花开了。 (运用想象和联想扩句,让句子生动起来)

4、老人叫住了我,说: “是我打扰了你吗,小伙子?” (改成第三人称转述句)

5、请设计一条保护地球及其资源的公益广告。 (15 字以内)

8、按课文填空。 (5 分) (1)今夜偏知春气暖, ( (2)伯牙谓世再无知音, ( (3) ( )的天空中挂着一轮( ) , ( )的圆月,下面是( ) 。 ) 。 )的沙地,
2

m anipulat or control mode and pr ogrammable controll ers introduction 2.1 Sele ct di scussi on wit h manipulator contr ol 2.1 .1 cla ssification of control relay s and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit ca n control old i ndustrial equipme nt, but also mor e common. Mai nly the se two relatively chea p and you can mee t the old -fashi one d, simpl e (or simple) industrial equi pment. S o he can s ee them now, however thes e two control m ode s (relay and di screte ele ctronic circuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) cannot ada pt to the compl ex logic contr ol, (2) only for the curre nt proje ct, the la ck of compati bility and (3) not reforming the system with e qui pment improveme nts. S pring for the development of China' s moder n industri al automati on technology the substantial i ncrea se in t he level of industria l automation, complete d the perfect relay of the compute r too much. In terms of controll ing the computer s howe d his two great adva ntages: (1) each of the har dware can be installe d o n one or more 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全 microprocessors; (2) the official des igner of the software writing content control i s all about. Now i n several ways i n the c ontext of industrial a utomation ca n often be see n in t hree ways: (1) Programmable Logi cal Controll er (referred to as IPC); (2) Distribute d Control System (DCS for short), and (3) the Programmable Logi cal Controll er (PLC for s hort). 2. 1.2 PLC a nd th e IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, ea ch of the three te chnol ogies of origi ns a nd development requirements for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it invented t he compute r. The me n br ought i n terms of hardw are there, using a high level of standardization, ca n us e more compatibility tool s, is a rich software res our ces, e spe cially the nee d for immediacy in operati onal sy stems. So the com put er can effectively control i s use d to control a nd meet its spee d, on the virtual model , real-time a nd in com putational requirements . Distri bute d system started with a contr ol system for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt use d to

contr ol, whereas now it is s uccessful ly devel ope d into i ndustrial control computer used as a central colle ction and distri buti on system a nd transiti on of distrib uted control system in a nalog ue ha ndling, l oop control, has begun t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has gr eat advantages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of continuous pr oce ss control . Optimization of PLC is the corres pondi ng relay nee ds was bor n, its main use in t he work order contr ol, early primary is re placed relay thi s hulki ng system, focuse d on the swit ch contr olling the running order of functions. Marked by the microprocess or in the early 1970 of the 20th cent ury emerged, micro-ele ctronics technol ogy has devel ope d rapi dly, people s oon microel ectronics proces sing technology w ill be used i n the Programmable Logical Controller (that is

Manipulator is now use d as a industrial robots in use, t he control obje ctives ofte n appear often in i ndustrial a utomation. Industrial automati on technology has gradually matured, a s mature a technology line has bee n rapid development i n industrial a utomation as a se parate subje ct. Manipulator appli cation began t o filter into wel ding, l ogisti cs, mechani cal pr oce ssing, and other industries . Especially at hig h or very l ow temperature s, full of poisonous gase s, hig h radiation cas e, robot in simil ar circumstances s howe d gr eat us e also bring s great conv enie nce t o the staff. Precise ly becaus e of this robot t o get people's attenti on began to be a hig h degre e of devel opment . La bor rates, w orking conditions, la bor inte nsive a spe cts of pr omoting development. Bot h at home a nd a broad t o devel op the PLC (programmable l ogic contr oller) is in various s pe cial cir cumstances a nd under s pecial conditions s et for mecha nical device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the microele ctroni cs a utomatic contr ol technol ogy and the rapid dev elopment of the trains, the succes s of PLC har dware s oftware and s imulation control wi n big a nd s uccessf ul devel opme nt, now continues to develop as a factory a utomation standards. Beca use robots are g ood devel opme nt of the te chnology makes a g ood optimizati on of pr oductive capital, a nd robot s hows thi s uni que advantages , such a s: ha s good compatibility, wi de availa bility, hardware i s complete, a nd pr ogramming that ca n be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in the context of industrial PLC applications be came ubiquitous. Manipulator i n many devel ope d country agri cult ure and industry ha s be en applie d, such a s the use of mechani cal harve sting large areas of farmland, repeate d operations on the hig h-spe ed line that uses a roboti c arm, and so on. Toda y, the high level of automation combine d with restri ctions on the manipul ator devel opme nt level is slig htly lower t han the internati onal . The design i s mainly arm weldi ng machine by PLC Automati on contr ol. Thi s of desig n let de signers on i n school by lear n of has a m ust of cons olidati on, understand ha s some usua lly didn't opport unitie s awarene ss i n worl d range withi n s ome leadi ng level of knowledge has has must aware nes s, hope de signers can in y ihou of de sign i n the ca n s uccess of using i n this desig n in the proceeds of experie nce 1.2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of resear ch profile aut omation me cha nical arm res earch began Y u 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with with computer and automati on technol ogy of development, M akes mechani cal arm on t he Grand stage of industria l automati on and s hine, gra dually became a n industrial eval uation standards, and its importa nce can be se en. Now original roboti c ar m spe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production li ne, w hich is pr ogrammed roboti c arm. As the first generati on of m ani pulat or position control systems mai n

features, although not ba ck several ge nerations that ca n dete ct the external environment, but ca n still s ucces sfully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, delivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation m e cha nical arms ar e equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators have the envir onment there is a certain amount of "sense", when the me cha nical arm is t o us e the pr ogram as a basi s. Difference is that the r obot begand

2014-2015 学年第一学期期末考试试卷六年级语 文

都种着 ( 手捏一柄(

) 的 (

) 的西瓜。 其间有下十一二岁的少年, 项带 (

) ,

) ,向一匹猹尽力地刺去。

9、按课文内容填空。 (9 分) (1) 《索溪峪的“野”》 的作者是从 ( 四个方面来写索溪峪的“野”。 (2)詹天佑是我国( ( )的爱国工程师。课文从( ) 、 ( ) 、 ) 、 ( ) 、 ( ) 、 ( )

)三个方面叙述詹天佑主持修筑京张铁路的过程。他根据居庸关、八 ) 、 ( )两种

达岭不同的山势创造性地设计了(

施工方法。作为一名中华少年,我想对詹天佑说: “ ( ” ) 。 (3)鲁迅原名( 作品集有《 ( )和( 》 、 《 ) ,浙江( )人。他一生创作了许多作品, ) 、

》等。毛泽东评价他是伟大的(

) ,是中国文化革命的主将。

二、阅读。 (16 分) (一)课内阅读。 (5 分) 古老的钟发哑地敲了十下,十一下……始终不见丈夫回来。桑娜沉思:丈 夫不顾惜身体,冒着寒冷和风暴出去打鱼,她自己也从早到晚地干活,还只能 勉强填饱肚子。 孩子们没有鞋穿, 不论冬夏都光着脚跑来跑去; 吃的是黑面包, 菜只有鱼。不过,感谢上帝,孩子们还健康。没有什么可抱怨的。桑娜倾听着 风暴的声音, □他现在在哪儿□上帝啊□保佑他□救救他□开开恩吧□□她一 面自言自语,一面划着十字。 1、在“□”处给短文补上标点符号。 (2 分) 2、桑娜在沉思什么?请用“ ”画出来。 (1 分)

3、桑娜家穷,表现在哪些方面?(1 分) 。 4、桑娜家这么穷还收养两个孤儿,说明桑娜夫妇是 (二)课外阅读。 (11 分) 的人。(1 分)

m anipulat or control mode and pr ogrammable controll ers introduction 2.1 Sele ct di scussi on wit h manipulator contr ol 2.1 .1 cla ssification of control relay s and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit ca n control old i ndustrial equipme nt, but also mor e common. Mai nly the se two relatively chea p and you can mee t the old -fashi one d, simpl e (or simple) industrial equi pment. S o he can s ee them n ow, however thes e two control m ode s (relay and di screte ele ctronic circuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) cannot ada pt to the compl ex logic contr ol, (2) only for the curre nt proje ct, the la ck of compati bility and (3) not reforming the system with e qui pment im 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 、 ” 大 一 点 重 两 “ 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

microproces sors ; (2) the official des igner of the software writing content control i s all about. Now i n several ways i n the c ontext of industrial a utomation ca n often be see n in t hree ways: (1) Programmable Logi cal Controll er (referred to as IPC); (2) Distribute d Control System (DCS for short), and ( 3) the Programmable Logi cal Controll er (PLC for s hort). 2. 1.2 PLC a nd the IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, ea ch of the three te chnol ogies of origi ns a nd development requirements for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it invented t he compute r. The me n br ought i n terms of hardw are there, using a high level of standardization, ca n us e more comp

contr ol, whereas now it is s uccessful ly devel ope d into i ndustrial control computer used as a central colle ction and distri but i on system a nd transiti on of distributed control system in a nalog ue ha ndling, l oop control, has begun t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has gr eat advantages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of continuous pr oce ss control . Optimization of PLC is the corres pondi ng relay nee ds was bor n, its main use in t he work order contr ol, early primary is re placed relay thi s hulki ng system, focuse d on the swit ch contr olling the running order of funct ions. Marked by the microprocess or

3页

Manipulator i s now use d as a industrial r obots in us e, the control obj ectives often a ppear often i n industrial aut omation. In dustrial aut omation technol ogy has gradually mature d, as mat ure a te chnol ogy line has bee n rapi d development i n industria l aut omation a s a separate subject. Mani pulat or applicati on began t o filter int o wel ding, logisti cs, me cha nica l proces sing, and ot her industries. E spe cially at high or very l ow temperat ures, full of pois onous ga ses, high ra diation ca se, r obot in simi lar cir cumsta nces showe d great use als o bri ngs great convenie nce to t he staff. Preci sely beca us e of this r obot to get people's attention bega n to be a high degree of dev elopment. Labor rates, w orking conditi ons, labor inte nsive aspects of prom oting development. Both at home a nd abroa d to devel op t he PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic controller) is in vari ous special circumstances a nd under s pecial conditions set for mechanical device s. Now t urne d on the deve lopme nt of the microele ctroni cs a utomatic control technology and t he rapid development of t he trains , the succes s of PLC hardware software a nd simulation control win big and s uccessful devel opme nt, now conti nue s to develop as a fact ory aut omation standards. Be cause robots ar e good development of the technology make s a good optimization of pr oductive capital, and robot s how s this uni que advantage s, s uch as: has g ood compatibility, wi de availa bilit y, har dware is com plete, a nd programming that can be mastered in a short time, so i n the context of industrial PLC applica ti ons be came ubiquitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agri cult ure and industry has bee n applied, such a s the use of mechani cal harve sting large area s of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line t hat uses a r oboti c arm, a nd s o on. Toda y, the hig h level of a utomation combi ned wit h restricti ons on the mani pulator devel opment l evel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal . The design i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control. T his of design l et desig ners on in school by lear n of has a m ust of cons olidati on, understand ha s some us ually di dn't opportunities aware nes s in w orld range within some lea ding level of knowledge has ha s must aware nes s, hope designers can i n yihou of design i n the can succes s of us ing in t his design i n the proceeds of experie nce 1.2 mani pulat or in both at home a nd a broad of research profile a utomation mechani cal arm resear ch began Yu 2 0th century me dium-term, after years wit h with computer and aut omation te chnology of dev elopment, Makes me cha nica l arm on the Gran d stage of industrial automati on a nd s hine, gradually became an i ndustrial evaluati on sta ndar ds, a nd its importance ca n be se e n. Now origi nal roboti c arm spe nt most of mass production a nd use on t he production line , whi ch i s programm ed robotic arm. As t he first generation of mani pulat or position control system s main features, although not ba ck several ge nerations that ca n dete ct the external environment, but ca n still s ucces sfully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, delivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation me cha nical arms ar e equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators have the envir onment there is a certain amount of "sense", when the me cha nical arm is t o us e the pr ogram as a basi s. Difference is that the r obot begand

野菊花
你见过生长在山坡野地上的野菊花吗?你喜欢那漫山遍野的野菊花吗? 也许,它不惹人注目,因为它只不过是一朵朵普普通通的小花。 我提别喜爱野菊花。记得我小时候在南方外婆家,一年秋天,外婆带我到 野外去玩,来到一处山坡上,只见满山盛开着黄茸茸的野菊花。它那小小的绿 叶片衬托着它那小小的黄色花朵,好看极乐。可当它没有开花的时候,人们以 为它们是一棵棵小草。秋天,一旦开花,它就很美,没得自然,没得朴实。它 没有兰花的芬芳,更没有牡丹的富态华贵。但它生命力很强,花期也长,到了 深秋初冬时节,百花凋谢,它却依然开放。 外婆告诉我,野菊花还有很多用途。那天我爬到山坡去摘花时,不小心滑 了一跤, 脚上擦破皮出血了, 我直叫疼, 这时外婆马上摘下几朵盛开的野菊花, 挤出汁,敷在我的伤口上。我觉得清凉清凉的,不几天伤口就好了。外婆说, 野菊花还有消毒止血的功能, 解放前穷人治伤买不起药, 就用干野菊花熬水洗 伤口,还真管用。外婆又说,野菊花还能清热败火,治感冒。我没想到野菊花 有这么多用途。 我长大回到北方上学以后, 心里总惦记着野菊花。 假期去外婆家总要摘不 少带回家来。妈妈教我把野菊花洗净晒干,泡茶喝,我喝过红茶、绿茶,可从 没有喝过野菊花茶。泡了一杯,尝了一口,只觉得沁人的清香直入肺腑,真顶 得上清凉饮料哩。 野菊花土生土长,无所需求,却默默地无私地向人们奉献,我喜爱它的朴 素; 它的顽强; 我觉得人不需要有一点野菊花的精神吗?要像它那样的默默地 生长,不求索取;只要给予,给予…… 我愿做一朵小小的野菊花。 1.给加点字选择正确的读音,打“√” 。 (2 分) 菊花(jū ǐ) 2.给下面加点的字选择正确的解释,在括号中标出序号。 (2 分) 败:①失败;②打败;③搞坏;④解除;消除。清热败 火( . 顶: ①支撑; ②顶撞; ③相当, 抵; ④顶替, 代替。 真顶 得上清凉饮料 ( . 3.写出下列词语的近义词。 (2 分) 朴实—— ( 惦记—— ( 4.用“ ) ) ”画出文中的一个拟人句;用“ 依然—— ( 奉献—— ( ) ) ) ) jú) 摘下(zhāi zāi) 晒干(sài shài) 给予(gei j

”画出文中的一个
4

m anipulat or control mode and pr ogrammable controll ers introduction 2.1 Sele ct di scussi on wit h manipulator contr ol 2.1 .1 cla ssification of control relay s and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit ca n control old i ndustrial equipme nt, but also mor e common. Mai nly the se two relatively chea p and you can mee t the old -fashi one d, simpl e (or simple) industrial equi pment. S o he can s ee them now, however thes e two control m ode s (relay and di screte ele ctronic circuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) cannot ada pt to the compl ex logic contr ol, (2) only for the curre nt proje ct, the la ck of compati bility and (3) not reforming the system with e qui pment improveme nts. S pring for the development of China' s moder n industri al automati on technology the substantial i ncrea se in t he level of industria l automation, complete d the perfect relay of the compute r too much. In terms of controll ing the computer s howe d his two great adva ntages: (1) each of the har dware can be installe d o n one or more 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全 microprocessors; (2) the official des igner of the software writing content control i s all about. Now i n several ways i n the c ontext of industrial a utomation ca n often be see n in t hree ways: (1) Programmable Logi cal Controll er (referred to as IPC); (2) Distribute d Control System (DCS for short), and (3) the Programmable Logi cal Controll er (PLC for s hort). 2. 1.2 PLC a nd th e IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, ea ch of the three te chnol ogies of origi ns a nd development requirements for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it invented t he compute r. The me n br ought i n terms of hardw are there, using a high level of standardization, ca n us e more compatibility tool s, is a rich software res our ces, e spe cially the nee d for immediacy in operati onal sy stems. So the com put er can effectively control i s use d to control a nd meet its spee d, on the virtual model , real-time a nd in com putational requirements . Distri bute d system started with a contr ol system for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt use d to

contr ol, whereas now it is s uccessful ly devel ope d into i ndustrial control computer used as a central colle ction and distri buti on system a nd transiti on of distrib uted control system in a nalog ue ha ndling, l oop control, has begun t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has gr eat advantages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of continuous pr oce ss control . Optimization of PLC is the corres pondi ng relay nee ds was bor n, its main use in t he work order contr ol, early primary is re placed relay thi s hulki ng system, focuse d on the swit ch contr olling the running order of functions. Marked by the microprocess or in the early 1970 of the 20th cent ury emerged, micro-ele ctronics technol ogy has devel ope d rapi dly, people s oon microel ectronics proces sing technology w ill be used i n the Programmable Logical Controller (that is

Manipulator is now use d as a industrial robots in use, t he control obje ctives ofte n appear often in i ndustrial a utomation. Industrial automati on technology has gradually matured, a s mature a technology line has bee n rapid development i n industrial a utomation as a se parate subje ct. Manipulator appli cation began t o filter into wel ding, l ogisti cs, mechani cal pr oce ssing, and other industries . Especially at hig h or very l ow temperature s, full of poisonous gase s, hig h radiation cas e, robot in simil ar circumstances s howe d gr eat us e also bring s great conv enie nce t o the staff. Precise ly becaus e of this robot t o get people's attenti on began to be a hig h degre e of devel opment . La bor rates, w orking conditions, la bor inte nsive a spe cts of pr omoting development. Bot h at home a nd a broad t o devel op the PLC (programmable l ogic contr oller) is in various s pe cial cir cumstances a nd under s pecial conditions s et for mecha nical device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the microele ctroni cs a utomatic contr ol technol ogy and the rapid dev elopment of the trains, the succes s of PLC har dware s oftware and s imulation control wi n big a nd s uccessf ul devel opme nt, now continues to develop as a factory a utomation standards. Beca use robots are g ood devel opme nt of the te chnology makes a g ood optimizati on of pr oductive capital, a nd robot s hows thi s uni que advantages , such a s: ha s good compatibility, wi de availa bility, hardware i s complete, a nd pr ogramming that ca n be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in the context of industrial PLC applications be came ubiquitous. Manipulator i n many devel ope d country agri cult ure and industry ha s be en applie d, such a s the use of mechani cal harve sting large areas of farmland, repeate d operations on the hig h-spe ed line that uses a roboti c arm, and so on. Toda y, the high level of automation combine d with restri ctions on the manipul ator devel opme nt level is slig htly lower t han the internati onal . The design i s mainly arm weldi ng machine by PLC Automati on contr ol. Thi s of desig n let de signers on i n school by lear n of has a m ust of cons olidati on, understand ha s some usua lly didn't opport unitie s awarene ss i n worl d range withi n s ome leadi ng level of knowledge has has must aware nes s, hope de signers can in y ihou of de sign i n the ca n s uccess of using i n this desig n in the proceeds of experie nce 1.2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of resear ch profile aut omation me cha nical arm res earch began Y u 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with with computer and automati on technol ogy of development, M akes mechani cal arm on t he Grand stage of industria l automati on and s hine, gra dually became a n industrial eval uation standards, and its importa nce can be se en. Now original roboti c ar m spe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production li ne, w hich is pr ogrammed roboti c arm. As the first generati on of m ani pulat or position control systems mai n

features, although not ba ck several ge nerations that ca n dete ct the external environment, but ca n still s ucces sfully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, delivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation m e cha nical arms ar e equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators have the envir onment there is a certain amount of "sense", when the me cha nical arm is t o us e the pr ogram as a basi s. Difference is that the r obot begand

2014-2015 学年第一学期期末考试试卷六年级语 文

反问句,并将这个反问句改为陈述句。 (3 分)

5.通过阅读这篇短文, 你是否也喜欢上了野菊花呢?从它身上你学到了怎 样的做人道理呢?(2 分)

三、作文。 (30 分) 你周围一定有不少值得你热爱、敬佩的人。以“我最 的人”为题 写一篇文章,试着运用一些我们学过的表达方法。写字要工整,语句要通顺, 字数 500 字以上。

m anipulat or control mode and pr ogrammable controll ers introduction 2.1 Sele ct di scussi on wit h manipulator contr ol 2.1 .1 cla ssification of control relay s and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit ca n control old i ndustrial equipme nt, but also mor e common. Mai nly the se two relatively chea p and you can mee t the old -fashi one d, simpl e (or simple) industrial equi pment. S o he can s ee them n ow, however thes e two control m ode s (relay and di screte ele ctronic circuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) cannot ada pt to the compl ex logic contr ol, (2) only for the curre nt proje ct, the la ck of compati bility and (3) not reforming the system with e qui pment im 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 、 ” 大 一 点 重 两 “ 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

microproces sors ; (2) the official des igner of the software writing content control i s all about. Now i n several ways i n the c ontext of industrial a utomation ca n often be see n in t hree ways: (1) Programmable Logi cal Controll er (referred to as IPC); (2) Distribute d Control System (DCS for short), and ( 3) the Programmable Logi cal Controll er (PLC for s hort). 2. 1.2 PLC a nd the IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, ea ch of the three te chnol ogies of origi ns a nd development requirements for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it invented t he compute r. The me n br ought i n terms of hardw are there, using a high level of standardization, ca n us e more comp

contr ol, whereas now it is s uccessful ly devel ope d into i ndustrial control computer used as a central colle ction and distri but i on system a nd transiti on of distributed control system in a nalog ue ha ndling, l oop control, has begun t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has gr eat advantages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of continuous pr oce ss control . Optimization of PLC is the corres pondi ng relay nee ds was bor n, its main use in t he work order contr ol, early primary is re placed relay thi s hulki ng system, focuse d on the swit ch contr olling the running order of funct ions. Marked by the microprocess or

5页

Manipulator i s now use d as a industrial r obots in us e, the control obj ectives often a ppear often i n industrial aut omation. In dustrial aut omation technol ogy has gradually mature d, as mat ure a te chnol ogy line has bee n rapi d development i n industria l aut omation a s a separate subject. Mani pulat or applicati on began t o filter int o wel ding, logisti cs, me cha nica l proces sing, and ot her industries. E spe cially at high or very l ow temperat ures, full of pois onous ga ses, high ra diation ca se, r obot in simi lar cir cumsta nces showe d great use als o bri ngs great convenie nce to t he staff. Preci sely beca us e of this r obot to get people's attention bega n to be a high degree of dev elopment. Labor rates, w orking conditi ons, labor inte nsive aspects of prom oting development. Both at home a nd abroa d to devel op t he PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic controller) is in vari ous special circumstances a nd under s pecial conditions set for mechanical device s. Now t urne d on the deve lopme nt of the microele ctroni cs a utomatic control technology and t he rapid development of t he trains , the succes s of PLC hardware software a nd simulation control win big and s uccessful devel opme nt, now conti nue s to develop as a fact ory aut omation standards. Be cause robots ar e good development of the technology make s a good optimization of pr oductive capital, and robot s how s this uni que advantage s, s uch as: has g ood compatibility, wi de availa bilit y, har dware is com plete, a nd programming that can be mastered in a short time, so i n the context of industrial PLC applica ti ons be came ubiquitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agri cult ure and industry has bee n applied, such a s the use of mechani cal harve sting large area s of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line t hat uses a r oboti c arm, a nd s o on. Toda y, the hig h level of a utomation combi ned wit h restricti ons on the mani pulator devel opment l evel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal . The design i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control. T his of design l et desig ners on in school by lear n of has a m ust of cons olidati on, understand ha s some us ually di dn't opportunities aware nes s in w orld range within some lea ding level of knowledge has ha s must aware nes s, hope designers can i n yihou of design i n the can succes s of us ing in t his design i n the proceeds of experie nce 1.2 mani pulat or in both at home a nd a broad of research profile a utomation mechani cal arm resear ch began Yu 2 0th century me dium-term, after years wit h with computer and aut omation te chnology of dev elopment, Makes me cha nica l arm on the Gran d stage of industrial automati on a nd s hine, gradually became an i ndustrial evaluati on sta ndar ds, a nd its importance ca n be se e n. Now origi nal roboti c arm spe nt most of mass production a nd use on t he production line , whi ch i s programm ed robotic arm. As t he first generation of mani pulat or position control system s main features, although not ba ck several ge nerations that ca n dete ct the external environment, but ca n still s ucces sfully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, delivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation me cha nical arms ar e equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators have the envir onment there is a certain amount of "sense", when the me cha nical arm is t o us e the pr ogram as a basi s. Difference is that the r obot begand

m anipulat or control mode and pr ogrammable controll ers introduction 2.1 Sele ct di scussi on wit h manipulator contr ol 2.1 .1 cla ssification of control relay s and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit ca n control old i ndustrial equipme nt, but also mor e common. Mai nly the se two relatively chea p and you can mee t the old -fashi one d, simpl e (or simple) industrial equi pment. S o he can s ee them now, however thes e two control m ode s (relay and di screte ele ctronic circuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) cannot ada pt to the compl ex logic contr ol, (2) only for the curre nt proje ct, the la ck of compati bility and (3) not reforming the system with e qui pment improveme nts. S pring for the development of China' s moder n industri al automati on technology the substantial i ncrea se in t he level of industria l automation, complete d the perfect relay of the compute r too much. In terms of controll ing the computer s howe d his two great adva ntages: (1) each of the har dware can be installe d o n one or more 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全 microprocessors; (2) the official des igner of the software writing content control i s all about. Now i n several ways i n the c ontext of industrial a utomation ca n often be see n in t hree ways: (1) Programmable Logi cal Controll er (referred to as IPC); (2) Distribute d Control System (DCS for short), and (3) the Programmable Logi cal Controll er (PLC for s hort). 2. 1.2 PLC a nd th e IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, ea ch of the three te chnol ogies of origi ns a nd development requirements for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it invented t he compute r. The me n br ought i n terms of hardw are there, using a high level of standardization, ca n us e more compatibility tool s, is a rich software res our ces, e spe cially the nee d for immediacy in operati onal sy stems. So the com put er can effectively control i s use d to control a nd meet its spee d, on the virtual model , real-time a nd in com putational requirements . Distri bute d system started with a contr ol system for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt use d to

contr ol, whereas now it is s uccessful ly devel ope d into i ndustrial control computer used as a central colle ction and distri buti on system a nd transiti on of distrib uted control system in a nalog ue ha ndling, l oop control, has begun t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has gr eat advantages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of continuous pr oce ss control . Optimization of PLC is the corres pondi ng relay nee ds was bor n, its main use in t he work order contr ol, early primary is re placed relay thi s hulki ng system, focuse d on the swit ch contr olling the running order of functions. Marked by the microprocess or in the early 1970 of the 20th cent ury emerged, micro-ele ctronics technol ogy has devel ope d rapi dly, people s oon microel ectronics proces sing technology w ill be used i n the Programmable Logical Controller (that is

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Manipulator is now use d as a industrial robots in use, t he control obje ctives ofte n appear often in i ndustrial a utomation. Industrial automati on technology has gradually matured, a s mature a technology line has bee n rapid development i n industrial a utomation as a se parate subje ct. Manipulator appli cation began t o filter into wel ding, l ogisti cs, mechani cal pr oce ssing, and other industries . Especially at hig h or very l ow temperature s, full of poisonous gase s, hig h radiation cas e, robot in simil ar circumstances s howe d gr eat us e also bring s great conv enie nce t o the staff. Precise ly becaus e of this robot t o get people's attenti on began to be a hig h degre e of devel opment . La bor rates, w orking conditions, la bor inte nsive a spe cts of pr omoting development. Bot h at home a nd a broad t o devel op the PLC (programmable l ogic contr oller) is in various s pe cial cir cumstances a nd under s pecial conditions s et for mecha nical device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the microele ctroni cs a utomatic contr ol technol ogy and the rapid dev elopment of the trains, the succes s of PLC har dware s oftware and s imulation control wi n big a nd s uccessf ul devel opme nt, now continues to develop as a factory a utomation standards. Beca use robots are g ood devel opme nt of the te chnology makes a g ood optimizati on of pr oductive capital, a nd robot s hows thi s uni que advantages , such a s: ha s good compatibility, wi de availa bility, hardware i s complete, a nd pr ogramming that ca n be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in the context of industrial PLC applications be came ubiquitous. Manipulator i n many devel ope d country agri cult ure and industry ha s be en applie d, such a s the use of mechani cal harve sting large areas of farmland, repeate d operations on the hig h-spe ed line that uses a roboti c arm, and so on. Toda y, the high level of automation combine d with restri ctions on the manipul ator devel opme nt level is slig htly lower t han the internati onal . The design i s mainly arm weldi ng machine by PLC Automati on contr ol. Thi s of desig n let de signers on i n school by lear n of has a m ust of cons olidati on, understand ha s some usua lly didn't opport unitie s awarene ss i n worl d range withi n s ome leadi ng level of knowledge has has must aware nes s, hope de signers can in y ihou of de sign i n the ca n s uccess of using i n this desig n in the proceeds of experie nce 1.2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of resear ch profile aut omation me cha nical arm res earch began Y u 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with with computer and automati on technol ogy of development, M akes mechani cal arm on t he Grand stage of industria l automati on and s hine, gra dually became a n industrial eval uation standards, and its importa nce can be se en. Now original roboti c ar m spe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production li ne, w hich is pr ogrammed roboti c arm. As the first generati on of m ani pulat or position control systems mai n

features, although not ba ck several ge nerations that ca n dete ct the external environment, but ca n still s ucces sfully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, delivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation m e cha nical arms ar e equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators have the envir onment there is a certain amount of "sense", when the me cha nical arm is t o us e the pr ogram as a basi s. Difference is that the r obot begand

2014-2015 学年第一学期期末考试试卷六年级语 文

m anipulat or control mode and pr ogrammable controll ers introduction 2.1 Sele ct di scussi on wit h manipulator contr ol 2.1 .1 cla ssification of control relay s and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit ca n control old i ndustrial equipme nt, but also mor e common. Mai nly the se two relatively chea p and you can mee t the old -fashi one d, simpl e (or simple) industrial equi pment. S o he can s ee them n ow, however thes e two control m ode s (relay and di screte ele ctronic circuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) cannot ada pt to the compl ex logic contr ol, (2) only for the curre nt proje ct, the la ck of compati bility and (3) not reforming the system with e qui pment im 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 、 ” 大 一 点 重 两 “ 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

microproces sors ; (2) the official des igner of the software writing content control i s all about. Now i n several ways i n the c ontext of industrial a utomation ca n often be see n in t hree ways: (1) Programmable Logi cal Controll er (referred to as IPC); (2) Distribute d Control System (DCS for short), and ( 3) the Programmable Logi cal Controll er (PLC for s hort). 2. 1.2 PLC a nd the IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, ea ch of the three te chnol ogies of origi ns a nd development requirements for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it invented t he compute r. The me n br ought i n terms of hardw are there, using a high level of standardization, ca n us e more comp

contr ol, whereas now it is s uccessful ly devel ope d into i ndustrial control computer used as a central colle ction and distri but i on system a nd transiti on of distributed control system in a nalog ue ha ndling, l oop control, has begun t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has gr eat advantages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of continuous pr oce ss control . Optimization of PLC is the corres pondi ng relay nee ds was bor n, its main use in t he work order contr ol, early primary is re placed relay thi s hulki ng system, focuse d on the swit ch contr olling the running order of funct ions. Marked by the microprocess or

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